Fully electric vehicles (also called battery electric or plug in electric) use only electricity, generally stored in batteries, to power their propulsion. This means that they also include a plug to charge, just like a computer. These can be charged from a home socket, or specialized EV charging stations, with different power outputs.
Hybrid vehicles have both a combustion engine and an electric motor and use both to power their movement. Traditional hybrids use electric power when driving slowly, but then revert to combustion engine power when the energy needs grow. When maximum power is required, hybrid vehicles will use both drivetrains simultaneously. They receive their external power from the gas pump and charge their onboard battery internally. Plug in hybrids use electric power primarily, and draw upon the combustion engine for added power and range extension. As the name states, they have a plug and socket to connect to an external power source and be charged.
Next questions from this topic
What is an electric vehicle?
Simply put, an electric vehicle is one that is powered by an electric motor instead of an internal combustion engine. The vehicle runs on electric energy, just like any of your devices, and contains a battery within the vehicle to store energy. Batteries within the vehicles are powered by DC or AC currents and convert that electrical energy into mechanical energy, to power the vehicle. These motors are also capable of working in reverse, to say capture energy from braking and “regenerate” the battery, one of the great benefits of EV.
What is the range of my EV?
The range of your EV is determined mainly by the size of the battery in your vehicle. Batteries now commonly have capacities over 200 km.
Other factors include the outside temperature (cold temperatures = less range because the battery is using energy to warm the vehicle and itself) and your personal driving style (going over 90km/hr depletes the battery more quickly)
EVs also have the capacity to ADD capacity back to the battery when braking or going downhill. This is especially useful in places with lots of stops like urban areas, where with lots of braking EVs can maintain their battery capacity for a long time.
Are electric vehicles better for the environment?
Yes! Electric vehicles have many environmental and health benefits over combustion engine vehicles, especially over the whole life cycle:
- They do not require fossil fuels to be extracted from the ground or burned for fuel
- They have no tailpipes, and so do not produce any tailpipe emissions, thus greatly benefiting air quality and reducing air pollution, currently ranked as the most deadly environmental health threat in Europe
- By deriving their energy from electricity EVs can be powered by clean energy sources. This will increasingly be the case as more and more energy is produced from non-carbon sources
- Even when that energy comes from sources such as coal, over its lifetime the EV produces less emissions than the ICE vehicle because that energy mix will change, whereas in an ICE vehicle, it can only ever be provided by gasoline
- It is of course important to know where the electric energy comes from and that is country specific. In Slovakia, 80% of electric energy is nuclear. In Poland, where most of the electric energy still comes from coal (one of the dirtiest sources), the electric vehicles produce still about 25% less CO2 than vehicles powered by fossil fuels. In Sweden, where the energy comes from “clean sources” it is about 85 % less.
- As ICE vehicles are sold and resold and their parts, especially catalytic converters, degrade and become unable to filter the pollutants the vehicles emit increasingly dirty emissions
- Electric vehicles are quiet, and so do not contribute to noise pollution.
- Electric vehicles onboard batteries, and batteries in charging infrastructure are critical pieces of the transition to a new, cleaner energy system based on renewables, storage, flexibility, and distributed prosumers.
What are the different connector types?
The main types of connectors used by electric vehicles are CHAdeMO, Combo-Type 2 (CCS) and Type 2. GreenWay fast chargers are equipped with all three types of plugs. Our AC chargers and those of our partners are mostly Type 2.
CHAdeMO – direct current charging, up to 62,5 kW. The battery can be charged from empty to 80 % in 30 minutes.
Type 2 (“Mennekes”) – fast charging plug, charging with alternating current, with charging capacity from 3,7 to 43,5 kW. As of 2017, Type 2 is a standard plug for all manufacturers in EU.
Combo-Type 2 (CCS) – Enables both AC and DC charging. Two plugs with direct current are added to Mennekes with alternating current.
ypes of connectors used by electric vehicles are CHAdeMO, Combo-Type 2 (CCS) and Type 2. GreenWay fast chargers are equipped with all three types of plugs. Our AC chargers and those of our partners are mostly Type 2.
How do I know which connector type to use?
Mainly, it depends on the type of vehicle you have and the amount of time you can spend charging. Different vehicles have different connection types (for example, VW eUp can be charged with CCS combo and Type 2 while the Nissan LEAF uses ChAdeMo). Some connector types are faster, but tend to be more expensive to use.
What type of after sales maintenance do EVs require?
EVs have many fewer mechanical parts than combustion engine vehicles and so are far more efficient and require much less maintenance than combustion engine vehicles. Of course some maintenance is required for parts like windshield wipers, winter wheels, and the pollen filter. However, most of the big maintenance costs associated with an ICE vehicle are not required for an EV, such as: oil exchange, brake pads, and emission control devices. Some parts like catalyzer or particulate filter you will never need to exchange again. In addition, the insurance is lower for EVs.